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电子科技大学2018年春|大学英语2|专科 [复制链接]

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admin 发表于 2018-6-6 23:25:40 |显示全部楼层
2018年春|大学英语2|专科
1. Part I Use of English (20 points)
Directions: In this part there are ten incomplete dialogues. For each dialogue there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the dialogue.  

(1) — Could I ask you a rather personal question?
— Of course, ____________________.  
  (A) good idea
(B) that’s right
(C) that’s right
(D) go ahead



(2) — I’m going to take my entrance test tomorrow.
— ____________________  
  (A) Good luck!
(B) Cheers!
(C) Come on!
(D) Congratulations!



(3) — You know, I have three kids now.
— ____________________  
  (A) Well, I’ve grown a mustache.
(B) That’s terrific!
(C) Say, you’ve really changed your hair.
(D) Well, I gave up drinking.



(4) — Good morning, Dr Johnson’s office. Can I help you?
— ____________________  
  (A) Speaking, please.
(B) I’d like to make an appointment, please.
(C) Yes, go on.
(D) No, you can’t.



(5) — How is everything?
— ____________________  
  (A) Not at all.
(B) It was nothing.
(C) It doesn’t matter.
(D) Just so-so.



(6) — How do I get to the cinema?
— ____________________  
  (A) It’s very far.
(B) Yes, there is a cinema near here.
(C) It’s well known.
(D) Go down this street and turn left.



(7) — Good morning, may I speak to Mark, please?
— ____________________  
  (A) Who’s there?
(B) Who’s speaking?
(C) Who are you?
(D) Who wants to speak to Mark?



(8) — Could I borrow your car for a few days?
— ____________________  
(A) Yes, you may borrow.
(B) Yes, go on.
(C) Sure, here you are. Enjoy your journey.
(D) It doesn’t matter.



(9) — I have an appointment with Dr. Johnson.
— ____________________  
  (A) The appointment is put off.
(B) You look sick and weak.
(C) Please wait for a minute. He is busy now.
(D) Tell me your ID number.



(10) — Hello, may I speak to Mike?
— ____________________  
  (A) Who are you?
(B) Sorry, he isn’t in.
(C) Thank you very much.
(D) Yes, here you are.




2. Part II Reading Comprehension (40 points)
Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions or statements. Choose the best answer to each question or decide T/F for each statement.
Passage One
      My wealthy uncle was dying. He wanted to leave me his entire fortune, which was about half a million dollars. There was one condition: I must be married before he died. If not, I wouldn’t receive a cent.
      I was not a greedy man, but I thought half a million dollars was a rather high price for keeping my freedom. I decided to make the great sacrifice. It was easier said than done. The doctor was certain my uncle would be dead within a fortnight (两周). That put me in a difficult position. You see, besides being forty years old, I was also ugly. I had no lady friends. I couldn’t possibly advertise myself as wealthy until after my marriage. Advertise! What a good idea!
      I ran an advertisement in one of the popular Sunday newspapers. To my surprise and joy, I received over a thousand replies. I spent hours opening the letters.
      My heart sank. I couldn’t possibly read all the letters. Time was running out. In despair, I burnt all the letters. No choice was better than a bad choice. In this dejected (灰心的) state of mind, I went to see a good friend. He was a waiter in a restaurant. I told him my problem. “If you are really serious,” he said, I can recommend my sister. She’s an excellent cook and a good housekeeper. She is all alone now. “But is she interested in marriage?” I asked.  

(1) The writer wanted to marry because his uncle was dying.
  (A) T
(B) F



(2) His biggest problem in finding a wife was that he was forty and ugly.
(A) T
(B) F



(3) He burnt all the letters because there were no suitable persons.
  (A) T
(B) F



(4) He went to the restaurant to get advice from his friend there.
(A) T
(B) F



(5) The waiter at the restaurant recommended his own sister because she was a good-looking  
  (A) T
(B) F




3. Passage Two
       Australia is nearly as large as the United States, but most of it is too dry for people to live in. Around this dry part are large sheep and cow farms. A few of them are as large as the smallest states in America. Often the nearest neighbors are several hundred kilometers away.
      The two-way radio is very important to people who live on these great Australian farms. It works much like a telephone. A person can listen to someone else talk and then give an answer. For example, people on the large farms could talk to a doctor far away. They could tell the doctor about someone who was ill, and the doctor could let them know how to look after the sick person.
       As the large farms were so far from towns, the children could not go to school. Radio schools were started for them in some places. At a certain time each day, boys and girls turn on their radios and listen to teachers in cities far away.
       Families on the large farms wanted to give news to their neighbors. The program “Round Robin” talks by radio was started to keep families in touch with each other. They could talk about who was going away and who was ill. The men could talk about their sheep and cows and how much money the markets would pay for them. In many ways the radio became a newspaper for the farm people of Australia.  

(1) From the first paragraph, we know there are some very large farms in Australia.
  (A) T
(B) F



(2) “The two-way radio” in the 2nd paragraph is useful for children only.
  (A) T
(B) F



(3) The “the sick person” in the second paragraph means the person who is ill.
  (A) T
(B) F



(4) The children on the large farms far away could have lessons on the radios.
  (A) T
(B) F



(5) All the Australians live on dry places, and they use radios in many ways.
  (A) T
(B) F




4. Passage Three
     Many people who work in London prefer to live outside it, and to go in to their offices or schools every day by train, car or bus, even though this means they have to get up early in the morning and reach home late in the evening.
     One advantage of living outside London is that houses are cheaper. Even a small flat in London without a garden costs quite a lot to rent. With the same money, one can get a little house in the country with a garden of one’s own.
      Then, in the country one can really get away from the noise and hurry of busy working lives. Even though one has to get up earlier and spend more time in trains or buses, one can sleep better at night and during weekends and on summer evenings, one can enjoy the fresh, clean air of the country. If one likes gardens, one can spend one’s free time digging, planting, watering and doing the hundred and one other jobs which are needed in a garden. Then, when the flowers and vegetables come up, one has got the reward together with those who have shared the secret of Nature.
      Some people, however, take no interest in country things: for them, happiness lies in the town, with its cinemas and theatres, beautiful shops and busy streets, dance halls and restaurants. Such people would feel that their life was not worth living if they had to live it outside London. An occasional walk in one of the parks and a fortnight’s (two weeks) visit to the sea every summer is all the country they want: the rest they are quite prepared to leave to those who are glad to get away from London every night.  

(1) Which of the following statements is NOT true?
  (A) People who love Nature prefer to live outside the city.
(B) All the people who work in London prefer to live in the country.
(C) Some people enjoying city life prefer to work and live inside London.
(D) Many nature lovers, though working in London, prefer to live outside the city.



(2) With the same money needed for ________, one can buy a little house with a garden in the country.
  (A) getting a small flat with a garden
(B) having a small flat with a garden
(C) renting a small flat without a garden
(D) buying a small flat without a garden



(3) When the garden is in blossom, the one ________ has been rewarded.
  (A) living in the country
(B) having spent time working in the garden
(C) having a garden of his own
(D) having been digging, planting and watering



(4) People who think happiness lies in the city life would feel that ________ if they had to live outside London.
(A) their life was meaningless
(B) their life was invaluable
(C) they didn’t deserve a happy life
(D) they were not worthy of their happy life



(5) The underlined phrase “get away from” in the third paragraph refers to ________.
  (A) deal with
(B) do away with
(C) escape from
(D) prevent from




5. Passage Four
     By definition, heroes and heroines are men and women distinguished by uncommon courage, achievements, and self-sacrifice made most for the benefits of others — they are people against whom we measure others. They are men and women recognized for shaping our nation’s consciousness and development as well as the lives of those who admire them. Yet, some people say that ours is an age where true heroes and heroines are hard to come by, where the very idea of heroism is something beyond us — an artifact of the past. Some maintain that because the Cold War is over and because America is at peace, our age is essentially an unheroic one. Furthermore, the overall crime rate is down, poverty has been eased by a strong and growing economy, and advances continue to be made in medical science.
     Cultural icons are hard to define, but we know them when we see them. They are people who manage to go beyond celebrity (明星), who are legendary, who somehow manage to become mythic. But what makes some figures icons and others mere celebrities? That’s hard to answer. In part, their lives have the quality of a story to tell. For instance, the beautiful young Diana Spencer who at 19 married a prince, renounced marriage and the throne, and died at the moment she found true love. Good looks certainly help. So does a special indefinable charm, with the help of the media. But nothing confirms an icon more than a tragic death — such as Martin Luther King, Jr., John F. Kennedy, and Princess Diana.  

(1) The passage mainly deals with ________.
  (A) life and death
(B) heroes and heroines
(C) heroes and icons
(D) icons and celebrities



(2) Heroes and heroines are usually ________.
  (A) courageous
(B) good examples to follow
(C) self-sacrificing
(D) all of the above



(3) Which of the following statements is wrong?
  (A) Poverty in America has been eased with the economic growth.
(B) Superstars are famous for being famous.
(C) One’s look can contribute to being famous.
(D) Heroes and heroines can only emerge in war times.



(4) Beautiful young Diana Spencer found her genuine love ________.
  (A) when she was 19
(B) when she became a princess
(C) just before her death
(D) after she gave birth to a prince



(5) What is more likely to set an icon’s status?
  (A) Good looks.
(B) Tragic and early death.
(C) Personal attraction.
(D) The quality of one’s story.




6. Part III Grammar and Vocabulary (20 points)
Directions: There are ten incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.  

(1) — Sorry, Professor Smith. I didn’t finish the assignment yesterday. — Oh, you ________ have done it as yesterday was the deadline.  
  (A) must
(B) mustn’t
(C) should
(D) shouldn’t



(2) His first novel ________ good reviews since it came out last month.
  (A) receives
(B) is receiving
(C) will receive
(D) has received



(3) If Mr. Dewey ________ present, he would have offered any possible assistance to the people there.
  (A) were
(B) had been
(C) should be
(D) was



(4) Some people either ________ avoid questions of right and wrong or remain neutral about them.
  (A) violently
(B) sincerely
(C) properly
(D) deliberately



(5) On average, a successful lawyer has to talk to several _______ a day.
  (A) customers
(B) supporters
(C) guests
(D) clients



(6) She ________ have left school, for her bike is still here.
  (A) can’t
(B) wouldn’t
(C) shouldn’t
(D) needn’t



(7) In 1942, Columbus ________ on one of the Bahama Islands, but he mistook it for an island of India.
  (A) lands
(B) landed
(C) has landed
(D) had been landed



(8) It is requested that you ________ a speech at the opening ceremony.
  (A) have given
(B) will give
(C) gave
(D) give



(9) I must go now. ________, if you want that book I’ll bring it next time.
  (A) Incidentally
(B) Accidentally
(C) Occasionally
(D) Subsequently



(10) What is the train ________ to Birmingham?
  (A) fee
(B) tip
(C) fare
(D) cost




7. Part IV Cloze (20 points)
Directions: There are ten blanks in the following passages. And there are five choices marked A), B), C), D) and E). Match each blank with the right choice.
Passage One
Man has always wanted to fly. Even as long as eight hundred years ago, an Englishman had tried. He made a pair of (41)______ from chicken feathers and fixed them to his shoulders. Then he jumped from a tall building. As you can imagine, he did not fly very far. (42)______, he fell to the ground and broke several bones. The first real attempt at flying took place in France in 1783. The two Mongolian brothers knew that hot air rose. If they could fill a large balloon with hot air, they thought it would rise into the air and (43)______. They were right. They made a very large hot air balloon of cloth and paper. It measured ten meters in diameter. They filled it with hot air and the balloon got two hundred meters into the air. It fell to earth about three kilometers (44)______. At the next attempt, they arranged for a balloon to carry passengers. We do not know what the passengers felt about the trip as they were a cock, a duck, and a sheep. But we (45)______ know that the trip lasted eight minutes and the animals landed safely.  

(1) (41)
  (A) Instead
(B) wings
(C) do
(D) away
(E) fly



(2) (42)
  (A) Instead
(B) wings
(C) do
(D) away
(E) fly



(3) (43)
  (A) Instead
(B) wings
(C) do
(D) away
(E) fly



(4) (44)
  (A) Instead
(B) wings
(C) do
(D) away
(E) fly



(5) (45)
  (A) Instead
(B) wings
(C) do
(D) away
(E) fly




8. Passage Two
      Human language is a system of symbols. No other animal has a complex symbolic language that must be learned. Animal language is largely instinctive, while basic human language is learned speech, composed (46)______ sounds that symbolize things, ideas, actions, and the like.
      We learn to read, often with considerable effort, by noticing or being taught that groups of letters stand for the sounds that we already know (47)______ to speak. We learn to write, with even greater effort, by learning to form the letters, (48)______ are symbols of sounds, and to put them together on paper so that others can read what we “say”.
       Since human language is a form of human behavior, there is nothing absolute about it. It has (49)______ slowly throughout human history and will continue to develop. In the English language there are perhaps 600,000 (50)______, possibly more, but most of them are known only to specialists and are rarely used.  

(1) (46)
  (A) how
(B) which
(C) developed
(D) of
(E) sounds



(2) (47)
(A) how
(B) which
(C) developed
(D) of
(E) sounds



(3) (48)
  (A) how
(B) which
(C) developed
(D) of
(E) sounds



(4) (49)
  (A) how
(B) which
(C) developed
(D) of
(E) sounds



(5) (50)
  (A) how
(B) which
(C) developed
(D) of
(E) sounds

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