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电子科技大学2018《大学英语1》 专科 在线考试答案 [复制链接]

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admin 发表于 2018-6-6 23:26:32 |显示全部楼层
2018年春|大学英语1|专科
1. Part I Use of English (20 points)
Directions: In this part there are ten incomplete dialogues. For each dialogue there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the dialogue.  

(1) — We are going to have a singing party tonight. Would you like to join us? — ____________  
  (A) I'm afraid not, because I have to go to an important meeting.
(B) Of course not. I have no idea.
(C) No, I can't.
(D) That's all set.

(2) — Unbelievable! I have failed the driving test again! — ____________ This is not the end of the world.  
  (A) Good luck.
(B) Cheer up.
(C) Go ahead.
(D) No problem.



(3) — Jim, please don't put your head out of the window on the bus. It's dangerous! — ____________  
  (A) Good idea.
(B) It's good.
(C) It doesn't matter.
(D) Sorry, I won't do it again.



(4) — Shall we sit up here on the grass or down there near the water? — ____________  
  (A) I'd rather stay here if you don't mind.
(B) Sorry, I don't like neither.
(C) Certainly, why not?
(D) Yes, we like these two places.



(5) — Congratulations! You won the first prize in today's speech contest. — ____________ Come earlier next time.  
  (A) Yes, I beat the others.
(B) No, no, I didn't do it well.
(C) Thank you.
(D) It's a pleasure.



(6) — It’s getting late. I’m afraid I must be going now. — OK. ____________  
  (A) Take it easy.
(B) Go slowly.
(C) Stay longer.
(D) See you.



(7) — It’s been a wonderful evening. Thank you very much. — ____________  
  (A) My pleasure.
(B) I’m glad to hear that.
(C) No thanks.
(D) It’s OK.



(8) — What about going to the film with me this evening? I’ve got two tickets. — ____________  
  (A) Yes,I won’t go.
(B) Yes,I think so. Thank you.
(C) All right,I must go.
(D) OK. I’d love to. Thank you.



(9) — Hi, haven’t seen you for ages! You look fine! — ____________. You look well,too.  
  (A) Great.
(B) Thanks.
(C) Oh,no.
(D) Oh,no.



(10) — I’m sorry for stepping on your foot. — ____________  
  (A) That’s all right.
(B) No, it’s my fault.
(C) You didn’t hurt me at all.
(D) You have it too.




2. Part II Reading Comprehension (40 points)
Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions or statements. Choose the best answer to each question or decide T/F for each statement.
Passage One
      Hawaii has always been a magic name to people who like traveling. People from all over the world dream of seeing the beautiful islands in the middle of the ocean. It’s always one of their dreams to watch the sun going down. The sun drops like a ball of bright fire into the sea, and it drops so quickly that you can even see it move.       About two thousand years ago, the first people went to Hawaii in a very small boat. They found the beautiful white sand beaches and the waving palm trees. But it was difficult for people to go to Hawaii at that time. And there were no big hotels like the ones today. Now people can get to Hawaii in different ways. More and more people go to Hawaii. So lots of nice big hotels have been built in recent years. However, the scenery (自然景色) in Hawaii hasn’t changed much. The white sand beaches and the waving palm trees are still there. People often have a peaceful time, taking a walk along the water in the morning. At night, they get together to hold parties, chatting and dancing. So if you’re thinking about relaxing yourself, Hawaii is surely the first place for you to choose.

(1) The sun in Hawaii drops too quickly for people to see it move.
  (A) T
(B) F



(2) In Hawaii, a large number of nice big hotels have been built in recent years.
  (A) T
(B) F



(3) The scenery in Hawaii is quite different from what it was many years ago.
  (A) T
(B) F



(4) According to the passage, it’s common for people to hold parties in Hawaii at night.
  (A) T
(B) F



(5) The passage mainly tells us the first people who came to Hawaii.
  (A) T
(B) F




3. Passage Two
     Every land has its own dining custom, and the United States is no exception. Americans feel that the first rule of being a polite guest is to be on time. If a person is invited to dinner at 6:30, the hostess expects him to be there at 6:30 or not more than a few minutes after. Because she usually does her own cooking,she times the meal so that the coffee and meat will be at their best at the time she asks the guest to come. If he is late,the food will not be so good,and the hostess will be disappointed. When the guest cannot come on time,he calls his host or hostess on the telephone,gives the reason,and tells at what time he thinks he can come.        As guests continue to arrive,the men in the group stand when a woman enters and remain standing until she has found a chair. A man always rises when he is being introduced to a woman. A woman does not rise when she is being introduced either to a man or a woman unless the woman is much older.
  Even an American may be confused by the number of knives,forks,and spoons beside his plate when he sits down to a formal dinner. The rule is simple,however,use them in the order in which they lie, beginning from the outside. Or watch the hostess and do what she does.  

(1) As a country of immigrants,the U.S. does not have its own dining customs.
  (A) T
(B) F



(2) The guest is expected to arrive on time because the coffee and meat will be at their best at the time he is required to come.
(A) T
(B) F



(3) A woman usually rises when she is being introduced to an aged gentleman.
  (A) T
(B) F



(4) At formal American dinner,the knives,forks,and spoons beside the plate are placed in a certain order.
  (A) T
(B) F



(5) The right order to use the knives, forks and spoons at a formal dinner is from the left to the right.
  (A) T
(B) F




4. Passage Three
     How men first learned to invent words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thought and feelings, actions and things, so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to present those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or written in letters, we call words.
     The power of words, then, lies in their associations-the things they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something increases.
     Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming and telling use of words is what we call literary style. Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and vulgar.

(1) The origin of language is ____________.
  (A) a legend handed down from the past
(B) a matter that is hidden or secret
(C) a question difficult to answer
(D) a problem not yet solved



(2) What is true about words?
  (A) They are used to express feelings only.
(B) They can not be written down.
(C) They are simply sounds.
(D) They are mysterious.



(3) The real power of words consists in their ____________.
  (A) properties
(B) characteristics
(C) peculiarity
(D) representative function



(4) By “association” in the last paragraph, the author means ____________.
  (A) a special quality
(B) a joining of ideas in the mind
(C) an appearance which is puzzling
(D) a strange feature



(5) Which of the following statements about the real poet is NOT true?
  (A) He is no more than a master of words.
(B) He can convey his ideas in words which sing like music.
(C) He can move men to tears.
(D) His style is always charming.




5. Passage Four
     Persons who are overweight should watch their diet carefully in order to lose pound. The best way to do this is to start a weight control program. At first it is wise to talk with your doctor. He can advise you of the number of calories(卡路里) you should have in your meals each day. He can tell you about exercising while on your diet. A good rule is to lose slowly. A loss of a pound or two is plenty.   
     Plan meals around foods you know. This means that it is wise to include foods that you are used to and that are part of your regular eating habits. When you have lost the weight you wish, simple items can be added to your diet so that you can maintain the weight you want. While you are dieting, try to build a pattern of eating that you can follow later to maintain your desired weight.   
     When dieting, choose low-calorie foods. Avoid such items as fats, fried food, sweets, cakes, cream and soft drinks. Try to take coffee and tea without sugar or cream. Snacks can be part of your diet. For example, a piece of fruit or a simple dessert saved from mealtime can be eaten between meals.
      Keep busy! This way you will not be tempted to go off the diet. Make full use of opportunities to exercise. Try walking instead of riding whenever possible. Happy dieting!  

(1) What is the main idea of the passage?
  (A) How to diet.
(B) Why we should diet.
(C) What we should diet.
(D) Where we should diet.



(2) While dieting you should _____________.
  (A) choose fried foods
(B) choose low-calorie food
(C) choose snack as hamburger in McDonalds
(D) talk to your doctor



(3) When you have lost the weight you wish, you can _____________.
  (A) have some more simple items in your diet
(B) eat more and more foods you like
(C) stop dieting
(D) tell the doctor what you've done



(4) According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?
  (A) While dieting, you should ask the doctor so that you can lose your weight quickly.
(B) Plan meals means to have some foods you like and take them as your daily eating habits.
(C) When you have lost your weight, you can have some coffee and tea without sugar or cream.
(D) As you are dieting, don't forget exercise.



(5) If you want to start a weight control program, you should _____________.
  (A) ask your doctor
(B) plan meals and choose low-calorie foods
(C) do some exercise
(D) all of the above




6. Part III Grammar and Vocabulary (20 points)
Directions: There are ten incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.  

(1) He opened the letter and it contained ______.
  (A) an important information
(B) some important informations
(C) many important information
(D) some important information



(2) Yesterday was ______ day that we decided to go swimming.
  (A) such beautiful
(B) so beautiful
(C) such a beautiful
(D) a so beautiful



(3) Children under 12 years of age in that country ______ be under adult supervision when in a public library.
  (A) must
(B) may
(C) can
(D) need



(4) This river is so big that it is impossible to build a ______ under it without modern technology.
  (A) canal
(B) tunnel
(C) channel
(D) cable



(5) The atmosphere ______ certain gases mixed together in definite proportions.
  (A) composes of
(B) is made up
(C) consists of
(D) makes up of



(6) Water usually freezes when temperature is ______ zero and ice changes into water again when the temperature is______ zero.  
  (A) below, over
(B) under, over
(C) above, below
(D) below, above



(7) By eleven o'clock yesterday, we ______ at the airport.
  (A) shall arrive
(B) have arrived
(C) had arrived
(D) arrive



(8) The manager ______ in working ten hours a day in his office.
  (A) persists
(B) consists
(C) insists
(D) resists



(9) It is reasonable for people to pursue a career in fields related _______ their favorite hobbies.
  (A) on
(B) for
(C) at
(D) to



(10) Please do not _______ to contact our office in case of any difficulties. We are always ready to help.  
(A) hesitate
(B) delay
(C) stop
(D) postpone




7. Part IV Cloze (20 points)
Directions: There are ten blanks in the following passages. And there are five choices marked A), B), C), D) and E). Match each blank with the right choice.
Passage One
     Man can't go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the next 30 years man will face a period of crisis. (41) _____ experts believe that there will be a widespread food shortage. Other experts think this is too pessimistic(悲观的), and man can prevent things (42) _____ worse than they are now.
     One thing that man can do is to limit the number of babies born. The need for this is obvious, (43) _____ it is not easy to achieve. People have to be persuaded to limit their families. In the countries of the population explosion, many people like big families. The parents think that this (44) _____ a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look after them in old age.
      Several governments have (45) _____ birth control policies in recent years. Among them are Japan, China. India and Egypt. In some cases the results have not been successful. Japan has been an exception. People were encouraged to limit their families in the 1950's, which has effectively reduced the birth rate in Japan.

(1) (41)
  (A) from getting
(B) some
(C) but
(D) adopted
(E) brings



(2) (42)
  (A) from getting
(B) some
(C) but
(D) adopted
(E) brings



(3) (43)
  (A) from getting
(B) some
(C) but
(D) adopted
(E) brings



(4) (44)
  (A) from getting
(B) some
(C) but
(D) adopted
(E) brings



(5) (45)
  (A) from getting
(B) some
(C) but
(D) adopted
(E) brings




8. Passage Two
     Some cities have planned their transportation systems for car owners. That is (46) _____ Los Angeles did. Los Angeles decided to build highways for cars rather than spending money on public transportation.
     This decision was (47) _____ for Los Angeles. The city grew outward instead of upward. Los Angeles never built many tall apartment buildings. (48) _____, people live in houses with gardens.
      In Los Angeles, most people drive cars to work. And every car has to have a parking space. So many buildings (49) _____ people work also have parking lots.       Los Angeles also became a city without a Central Business District (CBD). If a city has a CBD, crowds of people rush into it every day to work. If people drive to work, they need lots of road space.
      So Los Angeles developed several business districts and built homes and other buildings in between the districts. This required more roads and parking spaces.       Some people (50) _____ this growth pattern. They say Los Angeles is the city of the future.

(1) (46)
  (A) Instead
(B) defend
(C) what
(D) where
(E) suitable



(2) (47)
  (A) Instead
(B) defend
(C) what
(D) where
(E) suitable



(3) (48)
(A) Instead
(B) defend
(C) what
(D) where
(E) suitable



(4) (49)
  (A) Instead
(B) defend
(C) what
(D) where
(E) suitable



(5) (50)
  (A) Instead
(B) defend
(C) what
(D) where
(E) suitable





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